Both natural and manmade disasters are great obstacles on the way of spontaneous development. Especially the disaster outcastes its destructive effect on the development of the riverside and coastal people, their assets, capacities; even on their relatives. On the other hand, sometimes some natural and manmade disasters bring miseries and mischief to the lives of people living in rural and sub-town regions in a year. Thousands of families become the victim of deprivation and helplessness. Economic activities of common and working class people come to a stand-still and it creates negative productivity. SSS has been implementing disaster management program for the rehabilitation and welfare of disaster-stricken people.
Goal and Policy
The main objective of the disaster management program of SSS is to alleviate the disaster-originated impediments for the overall socio-economic development of the vulnerable and destitute people and to open the door of enrichment for them. SSS has been implementing the program based on the following policies:
- Increasing disaster precautions and preparations in the disaster-prone area;
- Ensuring post-disaster reliefs, healthcare, rehabilitation and reducing the losses of family and society to a minimum level;
- Giving priority to children, women and handicapped people for relief and rehabilitation; and
- Providing special financial support to stimulate the disaster-shattered economy.
SSS has been implementing a number of activities under the disaster management program for the socio-economic development of Bangladesh and the welfare of disaster-stricken people. The implemented activities have been contributing to the livelihood development of the target people. The important activities under the program are as follows:
Relief and Rehabilitation Activities: SSS always stands beside the disaster-stricken families. During post-disaster period, the organization provides cash money, food and medicines in the selected area. All group members under various projects of SSS and other damaged people in the affected area receive support from SSS. Generally, people suffering from natural calamities such as excessive rainfall, drought, cyclone, tidal waves, flood and conflagration get grants under the program based on their range of damage.
Disaster Management Credit: Apart from getting post-disaster cash money relief, the general group members in the disaster-prone area can also receive disaster management credit. SSS started disaster management credit from 1998. The group members are provided with credits based on their damage-level. The group members spend the borrowed money for their rehabilitation or livelihood retention. The credit amount fixes at Tk. 4,000 to Tk. 6,000. The annual service charge is eight per cent on declining method. The credit amount can be repaid within maximum period of two years.
Integrated Flood and Climate Change Management Project: Under the Community Climate Change Project (CCCP), SSS started to implement Integrated Flood and Climate Change Management Project from October 2014. PKSF has been providing financial support to the project. SSS has been implementing the project in Balijuri union of Madarganj upazila of Jamalpur. The main goal of the project is the capacity building of target people for reducing the losses caused by climate change and mitigating their miseries.
The adopted strategies are: adapting local people to the flood, controlling the derived condition, providing the affected families with safe drinking water and sanitation, increasing consciousness of local people and strengthening them to fight climate change.
Analysis of Result and Achievement
With the implementation of disaster management program, SSS has succeeded in the welfare of target people in the working area. The people have now become conscious and skillful to defend all adversities with the hard-time supports and services from SSS. During 2016-17, a total of 10,360 disaster-stricken group members received relief and grants of Tk. 88.25 lac under the relief and rehabilitation activities.
Under the Integrated Flood and Climate Change Management Project, raising up homesteads of 500 people were completed. 80 tube-wells were installed to ensure the supply of pure drinking water and 98 sanitary latrines were set up. Under the project, SSS organized two meetings and workshops for disaster precautions and obligations. 400 farmers were provided with supports to set up vermi-compost plants. On the other hand, a total of 188 group members initiated vegetable gardens in their homesteads.