Disaster Management, Relief and Rehabilitation Program
Natural calamities such as drought, excessive rainfall, flood, cyclone and tidal waves are immutable companions of Bangladesh. Every year natural disasters destroy our lives and assets and thus debar development. Disaster stricken people become destitute losing families, shelter and resources. Their sufferings know no bound owing to physical sickness and financial deficiency, their poverty uprises and development wheel comes to a standstill.
In order to rehabilitate disaster-prone families in the working area, SSS has been implementing disaster management, relief and rehabilitation program. SSS has been implementing a number of activities under the program such as creating consciousness for disaster preparation and defense at group level, post-disaster relief, disaster management loan and rehabilitation activities.
Reserve Fund for Disaster Management and Relief Activities
SSS generates reserve fund for disaster management in order to stand beside beneficiary families at the time of unexpected natural and manmade disasters. Only one percent of total service charge is transferred to the fund every year. The fund is used to meet the expenses of post-disaster emergency relief, medical treatment and rehabilitation. In 2015-2016, according to the direction of Microcredit Regulatory Authority (MRA) this fund has been nullified.
On the other hand, in 2015-2016 the organization distributed relief of Tk. 143,650 among the disaster affected beneficiaries from the Disaster Management Fund. The affected families have been restored with their normal livelihood by reliefs and other supports from SSS. They were capable to retain their income and ultimate development.
Programmed Initiatives for Monga Eradication (PRIME)-Songjog
During different natural disasters, poor working class families become worst sufferers of disaster. They remain jobless most of the time owing to disaster. Many of them become destitute for selling their family assets and resources as their course of income becomes slow. As a result, miseries, hunger and depressions grasp their families. We locally call this situation Monga.
SSS has been implementing Programmed Initiatives for Monga Eradication (PRIME) or Songjog project since later part of 2007 to develop the poor from Monga-affected areas. PKSF is funding the project. SSS has been implementing the activities in 22 unions of seven Upazilas under Rangpur, Kurigram and Jamalpur districts.
Goals of the project include:
- Providing integrated support to target people;
- Creating yearlong self or wage based employment and relieving people from Monga.
Beneficiary families under the project are provided with services like different trainings, technical services, primary healthcare, providing treatment through organizing satellite and static clinic, free eye camp, cataract surgery, distribution of different medicines, distribution of high yielding seeds and agricultural tools, distribution of high bred fowls, livestock vaccination and so on. The project also provides fund in vermi-compost production, goat rearing in platform method, cow fattening, cow rearing, building cow sheds etc. Apart from that beneficiaries under the project are made conscious on preparation of disaster and post-disaster obligations by arranging different meeting and workshops. They also get Disaster and Ultra poor loan at a flexible service charge.
During 2015-2016, a total of Tk. 10.50 crore was disbursed among 8,750 borrowers under the project. But the project phased out with the formal announcement of donor organization on 30 June 2016.
Hilight: In 2015-2016, a total of Tk. 10.50 crore was disbursed among 8,750 borrowers under the project. But the project phased out with the formal announcement of donor organization on 30 June 2016.
Disaster Management Loan
With a view to retaining purchasing power of disaster-prone families, keeping their financial activities active and bringing them back to normalcy, SSS has been implementing Disaster Management Loan activities since 1998. Credit ceiling is Tk. 2,000 to 5,000 at an annual service charge of eight per cent. Loan can be repaid within the period of two years maximum.
During 2015-2016, as many as 147 people received credit worth Tk. 7.25 crore under the disaster management loan activities. Owing to the credit, most of the disaster-stricken families have been rehabilitated and ultimately capable to survive in the mainstream of the society.
Integrated Flood and Climate Change Management Project
It is called that global disasters and other catastrophes are results of reckless activities of modern civilization. Climate change brings worldwide diversified natural disasters with it. Developing and under-developing countries are the worst sufferers of the catastrophe. Bangladesh government has established Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund. The responsibility to manage 10 percent of the fund is maintained by Community Climate Change Project (CCCP) of Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation (PKSF).
SSS has been implementing a project called 'Integrated Flood and Climate Change Management' under CCCP. The project started from October 2014. SSS has been implementing the project in Balizuri union of Madarganj Upazilla of Jamalpur.
The goal of Integrated Flood and Climate Change Management is to increase the capabilities of the people to reduce the damages from climate change and thus reduce their misery.
The objectives of the project include: assisting local people to adapt to the condition during flood and thus mitigating the situation, managing the supply of pure drinking water and sanitation for affected families and increasing capabilities of the local people through enhancing their consciousness for climate change.
A total of 1,120 beneficiaries (720 in individual level and 400 in community level) were selected as pilot basis under the project. In the project area, 28 Climate Change Adaptive Groups (CCAGs) comprised of 26 people on an average were formed with the poor and disaster affected people from the community. The Climate Change Adaptive Group (CCAG) will directly help the beneficiaries of this project. These groups also assist to implement, monitor and supervise the project. In the beginning, the project implementing group paid visit the disaster affected area of selected unions. After that, they identified the most disaster-affected area through discussing with the concern union council.
Till 30 June 2016, a total of 1,410 families were included in the project. A baseline survey and a resource mapping were performed, filling up the profiles of 1,000 beneficiaries and raising up 500 people homesteads were completed under the project. A total of 400 vermi-compost plants, 90 sanitary latrines and 80 tube-wells were installed as-well. Besides, 430 families were made aware about disaster preparedness and tackling through meetings and workshops. According to donor’s planning, the project will run till 30 September 2016.
Cap: A tube-well is installed in flood-prone area as a part of activities under the Integrated Flood and Climate Change Management project; a total of 80 tube-wells were installed there like it.